Ammonia

Ammonium Chloride Crystal.  Public Domain. Ammonium chloride crystals. Choba Poncho [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

Ammonium (NH4+) — or its uncharged form ammonia (NH3) — is a form of nitrogen which aquatic plants can absorb and incorporate into proteins, amino acids, and other molecules. High concentrations of ammonium can enhance the growth of algae and aquatic plants. Bacteria can also convert high ammonium to nitrate (NO3-) in the process of nitrification, which lowers dissolved oxygen.
Ammonia in water is either un-ionized ammonia or the ammonium ion. Typically, the value reported is the sum of both forms and is reported as total ammonia or simply - ammonia. The relative proportion of the two forms present in water is highly affected by pH.

Un-ionized ammonia is the toxic form and predominates when pH is high. Ammonium ion is relatively non-toxic and predominates when pH is low. In general, less than 10% of ammonia is in the toxic form when pH is less than 8.0 pH units. This proportion increases dramatically as pH increases.

The equilibrium between NH3 and NH4+ is also affected by temperature. At any pH, more toxic ammonia is present in warmer water than in cooler water.

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YSI 9500 Photometer

YSI 9300 + 9500 Photometer

The YSI 9300 and YSI 9500 are economical photometers in small packages for any application. These portable photometers allow you to easily take readings directly in the field for 100+ parameters.

YSI Pro Plus multiparameter instrument

YSI Professional Plus Multiparameter Meter

The YSI Professional Plus handheld multiparameter meter provides extreme flexibility for the measurement of a variety of parameters such as DO, conductivity, specific conductance, salinity, resistivity, total dissolved solids (TDS), pH, ORP, pH/ORP combination, ammonium (ammonia), nitrate, chloride and temperature.

YSI ProDSS Handheld Instrument

YSI ProDSS - Digital Sampling System

The YSI ProDSS (digital sampling system) handheld multiparameter meter provides extreme flexibility for the measurement of a variety of combinations for dissolved oxygen, turbidity, conductivity, specific conductance, salinity, resistivity, total dissolved solids (TDS), pH, ORP, pH/ORP combination, ammonium (ammonia), nitrate, chloride and temperature along with depth.

YSI EXO2 multiparamter water quality instrument

YSI EXO2 Multiparameter Sonde

The EXO advanced water quality monitoring platform includes the versatile multiparameter EXO2 sonde for oceanographic, estuarine, or surface water applications. Collect data to 250m with the advanced EXO2 sonde – contains six replaceable 'smart' sensors and a central wiper to clean biofouling.

YSI EXO1 and handheld

YSI EXO1 Multiparameter Sonde

Capturing accurate data in fresh water, ground water and marine aquatic environments is easy with the versatile multiparameter EXO1 sonde. Ideal for estuarine, surface water or ground water applications.

YSI TruLine Ammonia Electrode Kit

YSI TruLine Ammonia Electrode Kit

Each TruLine ISE features an integrated reference. This eliminates the need for a separate reference half-cell when measuring ion concentration and is more convenient. Each ISE can be refilled with reference/electrode filling solution, extending the life of each ISE. The electrodes also feature a double-junction reference for optimum performance in the lab.

WTW VARiON Plus 700 IQ

WTW VARiON® Plus 700 IQ Ammonium and Nitrate Sensor

Reagent free, ion selective measurement of ammonium and nitrate with automatic compensation of potassium/chloride with the VARiON® Plus 700 IQ.
These especially stable electrodes ensure long operation times and a simple cleaning method. To measure, simply install the respective electrode into the IQ Sensor Net - everything will take place automatically. 

WTW 2020 XT

WTW IQ SensorNet 2020 XT Controller

With an easily scalable solution, the 2020 XT allows for the connection of up to 20 sensors. This modular plug-and-play system allows you to monitor the water quality in your wastewater system continuously and accurately.

2950D Biochemistry Analyzer

YSI 2950D Biochemistry Analyzer

YSI has earned a reputation as the Gold Standard in bio-analytical instruments with highly accurate sensors and rapid results. The key to generating analyte-specific results in 60 seconds or less is YSI's innovative biosensor technology.